Since the Tang Dynasty, the peony has been considered the "king of flowers," a title it has held since that time. The aesthetics of the Tang Dynasty were characterised by a sense of richness and abundance. It was only logical that the peony be given the title of "king of flowers" due to its large, glitzy petals and heady scent.
These blossoms are popular all around the world for a good reason, as they are eye-catching, bright, and fragrant.
In Chinese culture, the peony represents love, marriage bliss, wealth, honour, and philanthropy all at the same time. Everyone who loves peonies should be aware of these startling facts! Let’s have a look at the 5 fun facts about peonies.
1.There is a huge variety of peonies.
There are more than 6,500 kinds of peonies, and new ones are being made all the time. The American Peony Society keeps track of them, and every year, it gives its Gold Medal to a top variety. They all fit into one of three main groups: trees, herbs(herbaceous), and itoh (which is a cross between the other two). Most varieties do best in full sun, but some tree peonies do better in part shade. Peonies usually bloom from late spring to early summer, but there are early, midseason, and late blooming varieties that let you extend the flower show.
2.Peonies are rich in history
First and foremost, peonies have been in existence for over a century.
Peonies can be found in Asia, Europe, and the Western United States. As early as the Ming Dynasty, the peony was regarded as China's national flower (it is now officially the plum blossom). In the 7th century BCE, members of the Tang Dynasty of China began cultivating peonies in the imperial palaces of China. From Japan to France and England in the eighteenth century, their popularity grew exponentially across Asia. Peonies began to gain in popularity in the United States in the late 1800s and early 1900s as well. Peonies even replaced the zinnia as Indiana's official flower in 1957, becoming the peony the state's most popular flower.
3.Medical Benefits of Peonies
Peony plants have been demonstrated to contain qualities that improve the immune system and mood, and they may also be used to treat inflammation, blood clots, and general pain efficiently. These benefits have been uncovered via various research endeavours. In point of fact, the roots and seeds of peonies have been utilised in traditional Chinese medicine for hundreds of years to cure a wide variety of diseases, including headaches, asthma, convulsions, liver disease, and many others. Peonies have also been utilised as a treatment for issues relating to the urinary tract and the kidneys in traditional herbal therapy practised in Europe. Peonies, on the other hand, have the potential to cause gastrointestinal distress in humans as well as in animals such as cats and dogs if they are taken in excessive quantities.
4.The Origin of Their Name Lies in Greek Mythology
Paeon (sometimes written Paean), who was a student of Asclepius, the Greek deity of health and healing, is honoured with the naming of the peony flower. According to one version of the legend, Paeon, who was regarded as the healer of the gods, used a peony to treat a wound that Zeus had received. Paeon was saved by Zeus when Asclepius was murderously envious of his pupil, and Zeus did this by changing Paeon into a peony flower.
5.The Peony Flower is Rich in Symbolism and Has Many Meanings
Peonies are a popular option for brides not just because of their sweet aroma but also because they are readily available as cut flowers and because of the wide range of meanings that are associated with the flower. Peonies are said to be a symbol of love and romance, and a successful marriage is often viewed as a result of their presence. In addition, peonies are the flower of choice to commemorate the 12th anniversary of a marriage. It's interesting to note that throughout the Victorian era, the flowers were a representation of shame and shyness. Peonies are a symbol of nobility, good fortune, and prosperity in both China and Japan. They also represent bravery, honour, and respect. The Chinese name for peony is sho yu which means “most beautiful.”
Check out our Peony collection here.